Eczema (or Atopic Dermatitis) is a condition where the skin is very dry because it is unable to retain enough moisture to function as it should. This dryness creates an increased sensitivity, making the skin more likely to react to certain triggers, causing it to become sore and itchy.
You may be born with an increased likelihood of developing eczema because of the genes you inherit from your parents. Eczema is not infectious, so it cannot be passed on through close contact, though most people who have it will seek treatment due to the discomfort and irritation it causes.
The overall approach to eczema treatment needs to be a stepwise one, with the treatment being administered through a series of treatment stages.